Textile Dictionary

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The denier of a filament yarn. It is the product of the denier per filament and the number of filaments in the yarn.

Fabric sold on a retail basis by the running yard.

The amount or length of a fabric expressed in yards.

A generic term for a continuous strand of textile fibers, filaments, or material in a form suitable for knitting, weaving, or otherwise intertwining to form a textile fabric. Yarn occurs in the following forms: (1) a number of fibers twisted together (spun yarn); (2) a number of filaments laid together without twist (a zero-twist yarn); (3) a number of filaments laid together with a degree of twist; (4) a single filament with or without twist (a monofilament); or (5) a narrow strip of material, such as paper, plastic film, or metal foil, with or without twist, intended for use in a textile construction.

A term used to indicate the number of singles yarns and the number of strands combined for form each successive unit of a plied yarn or cord.


Variations in take-up of dyes by yarns, resulting in streaks in finished fabrics.

A generic term for products obtained during the conversion of fibers to yarn, including card webs, laps, slivers, rovings, and tops.

A relative measure of the fineness of yarns. Two classes of systems are in use:

(1) Direct yarn number (equal to linear density) is the mass per unit length of yarn. This system is used for silk and manufactured filament yarns.

(2) Indirect yarn number (equal to the reciprocal of linear density) is the length per unit mass of yarn. This system is used for cotton, linen, and wool-type spun yarns. (Also see COTTON COUNT.)

The number of a plied yarn or cord determined by the standard methods used for singles yarns.

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