Textile Dictionary

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A J-shaped holding device used in continuous operations to provide varying amounts of intermediate material storage such as in wet processing of fabrics and in tow production. The material is fed to the top and pleated to fill the long arm before being withdrawn from the short arm.

In tufting cut-pile carpet constructions, uneven cutting of the loops caused by poor adjustment of knives and hooks or excessive tension

  1. A blade having high and/or low butts used to actuate the movement of latch knitting needles.
  2. Part of a dobby head designed to serve as a lever in the operation of the harness of a loom.
  1. A woven or felted tubular sleeve for covering and shrinking on a machine roll.
  2. A short coat. 3. In polymer manufacture, an external shell around a reaction vessel. For example, jacketed vessels are used when heat-transfer medium is circulated around the vessel.

A system of weaving that utilizes a highly versatile pattern mechanism to permit the production of large, intricate designs. The weave pattern is achieved by a series of punched cards. Each card perforation controls the action of one warp thread for the passage of one pick. The machine may carry a large number of cards, depending upon the design, because there is a separate card for each pick in the pattern. Jacquard weaving is used for tapestry, brocade, damask, brocatelle, figured necktie and dress fabrics, and some floor coverings. A similar device is used for the production of figured patterns on some knit goods.

  1. A fabric used for suiting, draperies, or upholstery characterized by a series of faint stripes formed by dark, medium, and light yarns of the same color.
  2. A term describing carpets having a faint striped effect.

Cotton twill fabric, similar to denim, but lighter and finer, in a 2/1 weave for sportswear and linings.

See PULLED-IN FILLING.

See PULLED-IN FILLING.

  1. A circular-knit or flat-knit fabric made with a plain stitch in which the loops intermesh in only one direction. As a result, the appearance of the face and the back of a jersey fabric is wholly different.
  2. A tricot fabric made with a simple stitch, characterized by excellent drape and wrinkle recovery properties.

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