Textile Dictionary

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A firm, durable, warp-faced cloth, showing a decided twill line, usually a 45° or 63° right-hand twill.


The spacing of the needles in the dial and cylinder in relation to each other on rib (double-knit) and interlock knitting
machines. In rib gaiting, the dial needles are midway between the cylinder needles. For interlock gaiting the dial and cylinder needles are in direct alignment

sturdy, serviceable, warp-effect, five-shaft, left-hand twill-weave fabric, frequently cotton or a cotton blend, used for children’s play clothes.

One of the three forms of cellulose. With beta cellulose it is called hemicellulose. (Also see ALPHA CELLULOSE and BETA CELLULOSE.)

A process for reducing various textile waste materials to fiber by passing them through a machine called a garnett, that is similar to a card.

A change of shade of dyed fabric caused by chemical reaction between certain disperse dyes and acid gases from fuel combustion, particularly oxides of nitrogen.


  1. A generic term for various measurement instruments such as pressure or thickness gauges.
  2. The number of needles per given distance in a knitting machine.
  3. The thickness of the knitting needle in the shank and the hook.
  4. The number of wales per inch in a knit fabric.
  5. On spinning or twisting frames, the distance from the center of one spindle to the center of the next spindle in the same row.

Used with an extra filling yarn during weaving, this type of standing wire controls the height of fabric pile.

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