Interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles

Basic Concept of Knitting

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Sriyadithatextile - Basic Concept of Knitting

Knitting machine
TFA

Knitting is considered to be the second most frequently used method of fabric construction, after weaving. It is one of the several ways to turn thread or yarn into cloth. It is similar to crochet in the sense that it consists of loops pulled through other loops. In other words, knitting is the process of construction of a fabric made of interlocking loops of yarn by means of needles. The loops may be either loosely or closely constructed, according to the purpose of the fabric. The loops or stitches are interlocked using a needle which holds the existing loop and a new loop is formed in front of the old loop. The old loop is then brought over the new loop to form the knitted fabric. Knitting is different from weaving in the sense that a single piece of yarn can be used to create fabric. The knitted fabric consists of horizontal rows known as courses and vertical columns of loops known as Wales.

There are two types of knitting, namely

  1. Weft Knitting
  2. Warp Knitting

Production Flowchart of Knitting Section:

Sample fabric
       ↓
Design analysis
       ↓
Machine selection
       ↓
Setting the machine for the specific design
       ↓
Sample Knitting
       ↓
Sample approval
       ↓
Bulk Production
       ↓
Grey fabric inspection        

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